North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
145,100
17.4% 1-year growth
US Senator
Amy Klobuchar
Democratic (DFL) Party
US Senator
Tina Smith
Democratic (DFL) Party
2022 Median Age
44.8
4.48% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
12.2%
6.22% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$64,194
7.88% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$211,900
13.8% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
56,282
13.3% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN had a population of 145k people with a median age of 44.8 and a median household income of $64,194. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN grew from 123,618 to 145,100, a 17.4% increase and its median household income grew from $59,507 to $64,194, a 7.88% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are White (Non-Hispanic) (85.3%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (5.61%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (5.29%), Two+ (Hispanic) (0.769%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.726%).

2.95% of the households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.4% of the residents in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are Bemidji State University (1,147 degrees awarded in 2022) and Northwest Technical College (203 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was $211,900, and the homeownership rate was 78.5%.

Most people in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN is home to a population of 145k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.48% of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN residents were born outside of the country (2.14k people).

In 2022, there were 15.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (124k people) in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.14k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 7.67k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are Spanish (1,097 households), Other Native Languages of North America (970 households), and German (436 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
67,358
Women
49.2%
69,440
Men
50.8%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 136,798 inhabitants, with 50.8% men, and 49.2% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

99.4%
2022 Citizenship
99.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.4% of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    124k ± 566
  2. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    8.14k ± 428
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    7.67k ± 613
2.26%
Hispanic Population
3.27k people

In 2022, there were 15.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (124k people) in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.14k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 7.67k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.26% of the people in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are hispanic (3.27k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Canada
    221 ± 365 people
  2. Philippines
    102 ± 248 people
  3. Germany
    95 ± 239 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was Canada, the natal country of 221 North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN residents, followed by Philippines with 102 and Germany with 95.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.48%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.14k people
1.14%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.42k people

As of 2022, 1.48% of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN residents (2.14k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was 1.14%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    1,097 households (0.797%)
  2. Other Native Languages of North America
    970 households (0.705%)
  3. German
    436 households (0.317%)

2.95% of the households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was Spanish. 0.797% of the households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,713 ± 288
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,376 ± 197
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,042 ± 171

North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN employs 56.3k people. The largest industries in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are Construction (4,848 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,886 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,920 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($182,994), Support activities for mining ($142,611), and Farm supplies merchant wholesalers ($138,754).

Males in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN have an average income that is 1.25 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,380. The income inequality in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.448, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
25,081
Women
49.7%
25,396
Men
50.3%

The workforce of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN in 2020 was 50,477 people, with 49.7% woman, and 50.3% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN.

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Occupations

56.3k
2022 Value
13.3%
1 Year growth
± 13.3%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN grew at a rate of 13.3%, from 49.7k employees to 56.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN, are Cashiers (1,626 people), Registered nurses (1,464 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (1,357 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Minnesota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

56.3k
2022 Value
13.3%
1 Year growth
± 13.3%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN grew at a rate of 13.3%, from 49.7k employees to 56.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN, are Construction (4,848 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,886 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,920 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN, though some of these residents may live in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$48,286
Median earning men ± $1,201
$33,345
Median earning women ± $1,016

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($72,335), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($63,384), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($61,875).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($57,926), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($42,598), and Manufacturing ($39,548).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Y-Axis
2.26%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.93M people employed in Minnesota. This represents a 2.26% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Minnesota.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Minnesota went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 52.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (45.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%).

Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Minnesota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Minnesota is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Minnesota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Amy Klobuchar
Senator from Minnesota1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
The Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the Democratic Party (United States)|U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
Tina Smith
Senator from Minnesota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Al Franken.

Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith are the senators currently representing Minnesota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Minnesota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Minnesota

Minnesota is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Minnesota have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN awarded 1,391 degrees. The student population of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,002 male students and 3,016 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are White (1,162 and 84.6%), followed by Two or More Races (58 and 4.22%), American Indian or Alaska Native (53 and 3.86%), and Black or African American (40 and 2.91%).

The largest universities in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN by number of degrees awarded are Bemidji State University (1,147 and 82.5%) and Northwest Technical College (203 and 14.6%).

The most popular majors in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are Registered Nursing (201 and 14.5%), General Business Administration & Management (169 and 12.1%), and General Psychology (98 and 7.05%).

The median tuition costs in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN are $17,760 for private four year colleges, and $8,994 and $8,994 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 77.5%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 22.2%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 5,018 (39.9% men and 60.1% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 5,018 students enrolled in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN, 39.9% men and 60.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 3,724 records, of which 59.3% were women and 40.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 127 degrees awarded
  2. 122 degrees awarded
  3. 98 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was Registered Nursing with 127 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,147 degrees awarded
  2. 203 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bemidji State University with 1,147 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 535 men were awarded degrees from institutions in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN, which is 0.625 times less than the 856 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,162 degrees mean that there were 20 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 58 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($17,760) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,136) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.428% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.266% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (33.3k), Some college (26.3k), and Bachelors Degree (18.1k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was $211,900 in 2022, which is 0.752 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $186,200 to $211,900, a 13.8% increase. The homeownership rate in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN is 78.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN is $64,194. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was Hennepin County--Plymouth, Maple Grove (West) & Medicine Lake Cities PUMA, MN with a value of $133,079, followed by Hennepin County (West)--Champlin, Rogers Cities & Lake Minnetonka PUMA, MN and Dakota County (South)--Lakeville & Farmington Cities PUMA, MN, with respective values of $129,494 and $122,602.

Property

$211,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,470
$46,781
Median Property Taxes
±$969

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

78.5%
Homeownership
2022
64.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 78.5% of the housing units in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 82.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was Hennepin County--Plymouth, Maple Grove (West) & Medicine Lake Cities PUMA, MN with a value of $133,079, followed by Hennepin County (West)--Champlin, Rogers Cities & Lake Minnetonka PUMA, MN and Dakota County (South)--Lakeville & Farmington Cities PUMA, MN, with respective values of $129,494 and $122,602.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$64,194
Median Household Income
± $1,547
59.6k
Number of Households
± 1,212

In 2022, the median household income of the 59.6k households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN grew to $64,194 from the previous year's value of $59,507.

The following chart displays the households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.448
2022 Wage GINI in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN
0.428
2021 Wage GINI in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN

In 2022, the income inequality in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was 0.448 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 4.64% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.4%)
  2. Carpooled (10.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.94%)

In 2022, 75.4% of workers in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.4%) and those who worked at home (8.94%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.4% of the workforce in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

12.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN (17.2k out of 141k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN is White, followed by Native American and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94% of the population of North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN has health coverage, with 40.1% on employee plans, 20.8% on Medicaid, 17.1% on Medicare, 13.9% on non-group plans, and 1.96% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Minnesota see 1102 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.34% decrease from the previous year (1117 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1322 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 343 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
1,102 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Minnesota

Primary care physicians in Minnesota see an average of 1,102 patients per year. This represents a 1.34% decrease from the previous year (1,117 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Minnesota in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.4% under 18 years, 17.1% between 18 and 34 years, 37.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 23% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.4% were men and 49.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.05%
Uninsured
40.1%
Employer Coverage
20.8%
Medicaid
17.1%
Medicare
13.9%
Non-Group
1.96%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN grew by 11.5% from 5.43% to 6.05%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in North Central Minnesota PUMA, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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