Minnesota

State

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2020 Population
5.6M
0.661% 1-year growth
US Senator
Amy Klobuchar
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tina Smith
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
38.1
0.263% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
9.33%
3.48% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$73,382
2.91% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$235,700
5.27% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
2.82M
0.166% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Minnesota had a population of 5.6M people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $73,382. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Minnesota grew from 5.56M to 5.6M, a 0.661% increase and its median household income grew from $71,306 to $73,382, a 2.91% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Minnesota are White (Non-Hispanic) (79%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.33%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.88%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.12%), and White (Hispanic) (2.67%).

11.9% of the households in Minnesota reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.2% of the residents in Minnesota are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Minnesota are University of Minnesota-Twin Cities (14,193 degrees awarded in 2020), Walden University (13,053 degrees), and Capella University (12,142 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Minnesota was $235,700, and the homeownership rate was 71.9%. Most people in Minnesota drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Minnesota was 2 cars per household.

Minnesota borders Iowa, Michigan, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Diversity

Minnesota is home to a population of 5.6M people, from which 96.2% are citizens. As of 2020, 8.4% of Minnesota residents were born outside of the country (471k people).

In 2020, there were 12.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (4.42M people) in Minnesota than any other race or ethnicity. There were 355k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 273k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Minnesota are Spanish (203,634 households), Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (85,630 households), and Hmong (67,265 households).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Minnesota
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    4.42M ± 2.76k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    355k ± 3.32k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    273k ± 1.83k
5.49%
Hispanic Population
308k people

In 2020, there were 12.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (4.42M people) in Minnesota than any other race or ethnicity. There were 355k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 273k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.49% of the people in Minnesota are hispanic (308k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Minnesota as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    203,634 households (3.88%)
  2. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages
    85,630 households (1.63%)
  3. Hmong
    67,265 households (1.28%)

11.9% of the households in Minnesota reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Minnesota was Spanish. 3.88% of the households in Minnesota reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.4%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
471k people
8.5%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
473k people

As of 2020, 8.4% of Minnesota residents (471k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Minnesota was 8.5%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Minnesota compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

38
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.1
39
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.3

In 2020, the median age of all people in Minnesota was 38.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Minnesota are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Minnesota residents was 38.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    59,137 ± 5,939 people
  2. Somalia
    37,027 ± 4,709 people
  3. India
    30,632 ± 4,285 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 59,137 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 37,027 and India with 30,632.

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Citizenship

96.2%
2020 Citizenship
95.9%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 96.2% of Minnesota residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Minnesota was 95.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Minnesota compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    108,363 ± 1,499
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    46,173 ± 1,806
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    30,810 ± 1,235

Minnesota has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Minnesota, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Minnesota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Minnesota. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Minnesota.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Minnesota across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Minnesota is $73,382. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Minnesota was Carver County, MN with a value of $104,011, followed by Scott County, MN and Washington County, MN, with respective values of $103,261 and $97,584.

Males in Minnesota have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,740. The income inequality in Minnesota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Minnesota employs 2.82M people. The largest industries in Minnesota are Elementary & secondary schools (170,318 people), Construction (156,737 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (145,177 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($129,447), Pipeline transportation ($120,076), and Software publishing ($112,176).

Wages

Median Household Income

$73,382
2020 value
± $297
2.91%
1 Year Growth
± 0.531%

Households in Minnesota have a median annual income of $73,382, which is more than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,306 in 2019, which represents a 2.91% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Minnesota compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

$75,417
Average Male Salary in Minnesota
± $1,640
$58,740
Average Female Salary in Minnesota
± $1,318

In 2020, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.28 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Minnesota
  1. White
    $59,422 ± $1,028
  2. Asian
    $57,389 ± $4,390
  3. Two or More Races
    $43,316 ± $4,089

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Minnesota.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.458
2020 Wage GINI in Minnesota
0.463
2019 Wage GINI in Minnesota

In 2020, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.05% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Minnesota was Carver County, MN with a value of $104,011, followed by Scott County, MN and Washington County, MN, with respective values of $103,261 and $97,584.

The following map shows all of the counties in Minnesota colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.33% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Minnesota (511k out of 5.48M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    317,396 ± 3,878
  2. Black
    91,622 ± 2,636
  3. Hispanic
    52,427 ± 1,666

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Minnesota is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.82M
2020 Value
−0.166%
1 Year decline
± −0.166%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Minnesota declined at a rate of −0.166%, from 2.82M employees to 2.82M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Minnesota, are Registered nurses (69,683 people), Other managers (68,992 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (62,042 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Minnesota.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Minnesota, by number of employees, are Registered nurses (69,683 people), Other managers (68,992 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (62,042 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Minnesota has an unusually high number of residents working as Cabinetmakers & bench carpenters (2.88 times higher than expected), Biomedical & agricultural engineers (2.86 times), and Agricultural & food scientists (2.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Minnesota, by average salary, are Surgeons ($319,867), Physicians ($280,091), and Economists ($200,881).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.82M
2020 Value
−0.166%
1 Year decline
± −0.166%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Minnesota declined at a rate of −0.166%, from 2.82M employees to 2.82M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Minnesota, are Elementary & secondary schools (170,318 people), Construction (156,737 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (145,177 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Minnesota, though some of these residents may live in Minnesota and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Minnesota, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (170,318 people), Construction (156,737 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (145,177 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Minnesota has an unusually high number of Miscellaneous paper & pulp products (5.79 times higher than expected), Other transportation equipment manufacturing (5.34 times), and Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers (4.6 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Minnesota, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($129,447), Pipeline transportation ($120,076), and Software publishing ($112,176).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $27.9B
  2. $27.1B
  3. $25.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $27.9B, followed by Mixed freight ($27.1B) and Precision instruments ($25.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota.
$349B
2020 Value in Minnesota
$638B
Projected 2050 Value in Minnesota
82.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Minnesota trade was $349B. This is expected to increase 82.9% to $638B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $26.1B
  2. $17.3B
  3. $14.7B

In 2020, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $26.1B, followed by Iowa with $17.3B and Illinois and $14.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Minnesota went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 52.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (45.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.07%). The most partisan county was Morrison County, MN with 75.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Minnesota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Minnesota is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Joseph R Biden Jr.
Popular Vote for Minnesota
52.4% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Minnesota
  1. 75.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 73.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 72.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Minnesota was Morrison County, MN with 75.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Minnesota colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Minnesota

Amy Klobuchar
Senator from Minnesota1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Tina Smith
Senator from Minnesota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Al Franken.

Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith are the senators currently representing Minnesota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Minnesota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Minnesota

Minnesota is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Minnesota have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Minnesota awarded 104,313 degrees. The student population of Minnesota is skewed towards women, with 143,749 male students and 253,705 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Minnesota are White (66,794 and 66.9%), followed by Black or African American (12,310 and 12.3%), Unknown (5,935 and 5.94%), and Asian (5,649 and 5.66%).

The largest universities in Minnesota by number of degrees awarded are University of Minnesota-Twin Cities (14,193 and 13.6%), Walden University (13,053 and 12.5%), and Capella University (12,142 and 11.6%).

The most popular majors in Minnesota are Registered Nursing (11,621 and 11.1%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (5,940 and 5.69%), and General Business Administration & Management (5,590 and 5.36%).

The median tuition costs in Minnesota are $35,738 for private four year colleges, and $7,907 and $14,469 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 2,455 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 2,282 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 5,128 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Minnesota was General Business Administration & Management with 2,455 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Minnesota according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 14,193 degrees awarded
  2. 13,053 degrees awarded
  3. 12,142 degrees awarded
$7,907
Median In-State Public
$35,738
Median Private

In 2020, the Minnesota institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Minnesota-Twin Cities with 14,193 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

36,754
Degrees Awarded to Men
67,559
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 36,754 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Minnesota, which is 0.544 times less than the 67,559 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the institutions in Minnesota by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    66,794 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    12,310 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    5,935 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Minnesota was White students. These 66,794 degrees mean that there were 5.43 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 12,310 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Minnesota was $235,700 in 2020, which is 1.03 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $223,900 to $235,700, a 5.27% increase. The homeownership rate in Minnesota is 71.9%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Minnesota have an average commute time of 23.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Minnesota is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$235,700
2020 Median
± $683
$223,900
2019 Median
± $467

In 2020, the median property value in Minnesota grew to to $235,700 from the previous year's value of $223,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Minnesota compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Minnesota the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$73,382
Median Household Income
± $297
2.21M
Number of Households
± 9,665

In 2020, the median household income of the 2.21M households in Minnesota grew to $73,382 from the previous year's value of $71,306.

The following chart displays the households in Minnesota distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Minnesota distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Minnesota the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

71.9%
2020 Homeownership
71.6%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 71.9% of the housing units in Minnesota were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Minnesota compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Minnesota have a shorter commute time (23.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.74% of the workforce in Minnesota have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Minnesota compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (76%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.56%)
  3. Carpooled (8.13%)

In 2020, 76% of workers in Minnesota drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.56%) and those who carpooled to work (8.13%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Minnesota distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Minnesota have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

95.5% of the population of Minnesota has health coverage, with 56.1% on employee plans, 14.6% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 1.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Minnesota was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Minnesota see 1117 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0894% decrease from the previous year (1118 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1338 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 374 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Chippewa County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.5%). Additionally, Marshall County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,117 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Minnesota

Primary care physicians in Minnesota see an average of 1,117 patients per year. This represents a 0.0894% decrease from the previous year (1,118 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Minnesota in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
$8,871
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Minnesota
$4,603
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,176
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,917
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.55%
Uninsured
56.1%
Employer Coverage
14.6%
Medicaid
11.9%
Medicare
11.8%
Non-Group
1.08%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Minnesota grew by 1.66% from 4.47% to 4.55%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Minnesota changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.5% prevalence
  2. 13.9% prevalence
  3. 13.9% prevalence

Chippewa County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 15.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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