Worcester, MA

Census Place

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2022 Population
204,191
0.159% 1-year growth
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
34.3
0.291% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
19.5%
0.931% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$63,011
11% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$305,600
17.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
100,829
2.22% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Worcester, MA had a population of 204k people with a median age of 34.3 and a median household income of $63,011. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Worcester, MA grew from 203,867 to 204,191, a 0.159% increase and its median household income grew from $56,746 to $63,011, a 11% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Worcester, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (51.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (11.9%), White (Hispanic) (9.52%), Two+ (Hispanic) (8.25%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.76%).

None of the households in Worcester, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.9% of the residents in Worcester, MA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Worcester, MA are Worcester Polytechnic Institute (2,186 degrees awarded in 2022), Worcester State University (168430) (1,510 degrees), and Quinsigamond Community College (1,287 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Worcester, MA was $305,600, and the homeownership rate was 42.1%.

Most people in Worcester, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Worcester, MA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Worcester public library

Population & Diversity

Worcester, MA is home to a population of 204k people, from which 88.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 23.2% of Worcester, MA residents were born outside of the country (47.3k people).

In 2022, there were 4.35 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (106k people) in Worcester, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 19.4k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

88.9%
2022 Citizenship
89.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 88.9% of Worcester, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Worcester, MA was 89.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Worcester, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Worcester, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    106k ± 2.41k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    24.3k ± 1.84k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    19.4k ± 1.8k
24.6%
Hispanic Population
50.2k people

In 2022, there were 4.35 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (106k people) in Worcester, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 19.4k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

24.6% of the people in Worcester, MA are hispanic (50.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Worcester, MA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
Most Common Origin
  1. China
    102,973 ± 7,820 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    99,956 ± 7,706 people
  3. Brazil
    93,519 ± 7,457 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 102,973 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 99,956 and Brazil with 93,519.

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Foreign-Born Population

23.2%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
47.3k people
21.9%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
44.7k people

As of 2022, 23.2% of Worcester, MA residents (47.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Worcester, MA was 21.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Worcester, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,093 ± 366
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,453 ± 352
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    688 ± 241

Worcester, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.44 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Worcester, MA employs 101k people. The largest industries in Worcester, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,579 people), Educational Services (13,641 people), and Retail Trade (11,623 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($97,520), Public Administration ($76,393), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,358).

Males in Massachusetts have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $81,902. The income inequality in Massachusetts (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

101k
2022 Value
± 2,862
2.22%
1 Year growth
± 3.92%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Worcester, MA grew at a rate of 2.22%, from 98.6k employees to 101k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Worcester, MA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,553 people), Management Occupations (8,823 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,167 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Worcester, MA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

101k
2022 Value
± 2,862
2.22%
1 Year growth
± 3.92%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Worcester, MA grew at a rate of 2.22%, from 98.6k employees to 101k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Worcester, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,579 people), Educational Services (13,641 people), and Retail Trade (11,623 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Worcester, MA, though some of these residents may live in Worcester, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$47,691
Median earning men ± $2,126
$38,157
Median earning women ± $1,478

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($81,724), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($71,230), and Information ($68,034).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($63,830), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($59,985), and Construction ($45,839).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Y-Axis
2.61%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.67M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a 2.61% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 17.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Massachusetts went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.29%).

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Worcester, MA awarded 8,514 degrees. The student population of Worcester, MA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 13,504 male students and 16,162 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Worcester, MA are White (5,431 and 69.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (875 and 11.2%), Black or African American (498 and 6.37%), and Asian (474 and 6.06%).

The largest universities in Worcester, MA by number of degrees awarded are Worcester Polytechnic Institute (2,186 and 25.7%), Worcester State University (168430) (1,510 and 17.7%), and Quinsigamond Community College (1,287 and 15.1%).

The most popular majors in Worcester, MA are General Business Administration & Management (598 and 7.02%), General Psychology (488 and 5.73%), and Mechanical Engineering (377 and 4.43%).

The median tuition costs in Worcester, MA are $54,000 for private four year colleges, and $970 and $7,050 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Worcester, MA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 58.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19.6%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 29,666 (45.5% men and 54.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 29,666 students enrolled in Worcester, MA, 45.5% men and 54.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 16,980 records, of which 55.5% were women and 44.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 274 degrees awarded
  2. 263 degrees awarded
  3. 443 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Worcester, MA was Mechanical Engineering with 274 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Worcester, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,186 degrees awarded
  2. 1,510 degrees awarded
  3. 1,287 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Worcester Polytechnic Institute with 2,186 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,659 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Worcester, MA, which is 0.754 times less than the 4,855 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 5,431 degrees mean that there were 6.21 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 875 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($54,000) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($9,816) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,368) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Measure

In 2022, 1.17% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.24% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (1.35M), High School or Equivalent (1.34M), and Graduate Degree (1.03M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Worcester, MA was $305,600 in 2022, which is 1.08 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $259,800 to $305,600, a 17.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Worcester, MA is 42.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Worcester, MA have an average commute time of 24.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Worcester, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Worcester, MA is $63,011. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Worcester, MA was Census Tract 7308.01 with a value of $155,000, followed by Census Tract 7311.02 and Census Tract 7308.02, with respective values of $110,781 and $103,681.

Property

$305,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$7,509
$33,253
Median Property Taxes
±$1,378

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Worcester, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Worcester, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

42.1%
Homeownership
2022
64.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 42.1% of the housing units in Worcester, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 42.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Worcester, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 7308.01
  2. Census Tract 7311.02
  3. Census Tract 7308.02

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Worcester, MA was Census Tract 7308.01 with a value of $155,000, followed by Census Tract 7311.02 and Census Tract 7308.02, with respective values of $110,781 and $103,681.

The following map shows all of the places in Worcester, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$63,011
Median Household Income
± $2,417
79k
Number of Households
± 2,278

In 2022, the median household income of the 79k households in Worcester, MA grew to $63,011 from the previous year's value of $56,746.

The following chart displays the households in Worcester, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Worcester, MA is from Massachusetts.
0.48
2022 Wage GINI in Massachusetts
0.48
2021 Wage GINI in Massachusetts

In 2022, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.047% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (66.3%)
  2. Carpooled (11.9%)
  3. Worked At Home (9.92%)

In 2022, 66.3% of workers in Worcester, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.9%) and those who worked at home (9.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Worcester, MA have a shorter commute time (24.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.2% of the workforce in Worcester, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Worcester, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Worcester, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Worcester, MA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Worcester, MA (37.3k out of 192k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Worcester, MA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.6% of the population of Worcester, MA has health coverage, with 42.2% on employee plans, 31.6% on Medicaid, 7.53% on Medicare, 14.6% on non-group plans, and 0.772% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Worcester County, MA see 1002 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.906% increase from the previous year (993 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1294 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 180 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Worcester County, MA.
1,002 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Worcester County, MA

Primary care physicians in Worcester County, MA see an average of 1,002 patients per year. This represents a 0.906% increase from the previous year (993 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Worcester County, MA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.5% under 18 years, 29.9% between 18 and 34 years, 35.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.1% were men and 50.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.35%
Uninsured
42.2%
Employer Coverage
31.6%
Medicaid
7.53%
Medicare
14.6%
Non-Group
0.772%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Worcester, MA grew by 12.4% from 2.98% to 3.35%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Worcester, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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