Shelby County, AL

County

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2022 Population
223,916
1.42% 1-year growth
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
40
0.756% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
6.85%
1.84% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$90,618
9.72% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$276,500
17.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
113,542
1.89% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Shelby County, AL had a population of 224k people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $90,618. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Shelby County, AL grew from 220,780 to 223,916, a 1.42% increase and its median household income grew from $82,592 to $90,618, a 9.72% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Shelby County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (75.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (13%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.58%), Other (Hispanic) (2.34%), and White (Hispanic) (2.16%).

None of the households in Shelby County, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.4% of the residents in Shelby County, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Shelby County, AL are University of Montevallo (572 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Shelby County, AL was $276,500, and the homeownership rate was 80.9%.

Most people in Shelby County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 29.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Shelby County, AL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Shelby County, AL is home to a population of 224k people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.98% of Shelby County, AL residents were born outside of the country (11.2k people).

In 2022, there were 5.84 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (170k people) in Shelby County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.78k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.4%
2022 Citizenship
97.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.4% of Shelby County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Shelby County, AL was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Shelby County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Shelby County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    170k ± 564
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    29.1k ± 555
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    5.78k ± 693
5.89%
Hispanic Population
13.2k people

In 2022, there were 5.84 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (170k people) in Shelby County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 29.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 5.78k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.89% of the people in Shelby County, AL are hispanic (13.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Shelby County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    45,935 ± 5,238 people
  2. Guatemala
    15,043 ± 3,007 people
  3. India
    10,012 ± 2,454 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 45,935 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 15,043 and India with 10,012.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.98%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
11.2k people
5.04%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
11.1k people

As of 2022, 4.98% of Shelby County, AL residents (11.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Shelby County, AL was 5.04%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Shelby County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,683 ± 400
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,574 ± 390
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,150 ± 348

Shelby County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Shelby County, AL employs 114k people. The largest industries in Shelby County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,739 people), Retail Trade (12,225 people), and Educational Services (10,373 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($115,924), Utilities ($104,413), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($88,891).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,264. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

114k
2022 Value
± 2,633
1.89%
1 Year growth
± 3.31%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Shelby County, AL grew at a rate of 1.89%, from 111k employees to 114k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Shelby County, AL, are Management Occupations (14,788 people), Sales & Related Occupations (13,393 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,945 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Shelby County, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

114k
2022 Value
± 2,633
1.89%
1 Year growth
± 3.31%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Shelby County, AL grew at a rate of 1.89%, from 111k employees to 114k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Shelby County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,739 people), Retail Trade (12,225 people), and Educational Services (10,373 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Shelby County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Shelby County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$63,285
Median earning men ± $2,886
$42,378
Median earning women ± $2,283

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($93,222), Information ($90,184), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($87,547).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($62,794), Information ($56,307), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,188).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,030
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,533
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,424
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Shelby County, AL went to Donald J. Trump with 69.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (28.9%), followed by Other (1.72%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Shelby County, AL awarded 572 degrees. The student population of Shelby County, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 886 male students and 1,700 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Shelby County, AL are White (397 and 71.4%), followed by Black or African American (89 and 16%), Hispanic or Latino (24 and 4.32%), and Unknown (19 and 3.42%).

The largest universities in Shelby County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Montevallo (572 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Shelby County, AL are Elementary Education & Teaching (57 and 9.97%), Kinesiology & Exercise Science (42 and 7.34%), and General Business Administration & Management (41 and 7.17%).

The median tuition cost in Shelby County, AL for a public four year colleges is $12,090 for in-state students and $25,110 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Shelby County, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 59.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 14.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 2,586 (34.3% men and 65.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 2,586 students enrolled in Shelby County, AL, 34.3% men and 65.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,721 records, of which 67.1% were women and 32.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 45 degrees awarded
  2. 40 degrees awarded
  3. 37 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Shelby County, AL was Elementary Education & Teaching with 45 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Shelby County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
572 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Montevallo with 572 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 148 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Shelby County, AL, which is 0.349 times less than the 424 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 397 degrees mean that there were 4.46 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 89 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($12,090) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,620) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,020) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2022, 0.905% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.822% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.23M), Some college (913k), and Secondary Education (625k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Shelby County, AL was $276,500 in 2022, which is 0.981 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $235,500 to $276,500, a 17.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Shelby County, AL is 80.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Shelby County, AL have an average commute time of 29.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Shelby County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Shelby County, AL is $90,618. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Shelby County, AL was Census Tract 303.04 with a value of $151,827, followed by Census Tract 303.31 and Census Tract 302.16, with respective values of $141,157 and $137,750.

In 2022, 10.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Shelby County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.254%.

Property

$276,500
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,295
$67,810
Median Property Taxes
±$1,934

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Shelby County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Shelby County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

80.9%
Homeownership
2022
67.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 80.9% of the housing units in Shelby County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 80.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Shelby County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 303.04
  2. Census Tract 303.31
  3. Census Tract 302.16

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Shelby County, AL was Census Tract 303.04 with a value of $151,827, followed by Census Tract 303.31 and Census Tract 302.16, with respective values of $141,157 and $137,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Shelby County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$90,618
Median Household Income
± $3,328
83.8k
Number of Households
± 2,217

In 2022, the median household income of the 83.8k households in Shelby County, AL grew to $90,618 from the previous year's value of $82,592.

The following chart displays the households in Shelby County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Shelby County, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.458
2021 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2022, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0777% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79%)
  2. Worked At Home (13.1%)
  3. Carpooled (6.64%)

In 2022, 79% of workers in Shelby County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (13.1%) and those who carpooled to work (6.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

29.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Shelby County, AL have a longer commute time (29.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.13% of the workforce in Shelby County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Shelby County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Shelby County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Shelby County, AL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 10.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Shelby County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.254%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

6.85% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Shelby County, AL (15.1k out of 220k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Shelby County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 8.2% of the children was living in poverty in Shelby County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 4.1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 264 in Shelby County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 106 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

93.6% of the population of Shelby County, AL has health coverage, with 58.3% on employee plans, 7.17% on Medicaid, 12.9% on Medicare, 13.9% on non-group plans, and 1.33% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, AL see 1196 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1219 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1925 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1059 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.8% were men and 52.2% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,196 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Shelby County, AL

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, AL see an average of 1,196 patients per year. This represents a 1.89% decrease from the previous year (1,219 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Shelby County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.5% under 18 years, 19% between 18 and 34 years, 40.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.8% were men and 52.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.36%
Uninsured
58.3%
Employer Coverage
7.17%
Medicaid
12.9%
Medicare
13.9%
Non-Group
1.33%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Shelby County, AL declined by 1.9% from 6.48% to 6.36%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Shelby County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 42.9 in Shelby County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Shelby County, AL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 30.2% in Shelby County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Shelby County, AL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.74% in Shelby County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Shelby County, AL.

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