Rochester, NY

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
1.09M
0.139% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
40.5
0.248% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
12.7%
0.999% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$71,349
8.41% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$175,300
12.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
529,966
0.146% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Rochester, NY had a population of 1.09M people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $71,349. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Rochester, NY declined from 1.09M to 1.09M, a −0.139% decrease and its median household income grew from $65,812 to $71,349, a 8.41% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Rochester, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (74.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.5%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.31%), White (Hispanic) (2.96%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.91%).

None of the households in Rochester, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.4% of the residents in Rochester, NY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Rochester, NY are University of Rochester (4,141 degrees awarded in 2022), Rochester Institute of Technology (3,837 degrees), and SUNY Brockport (2,302 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Rochester, NY was $175,300, and the homeownership rate was 67.4%.

Most people in Rochester, NY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Rochester, NY was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Rochester from the Broad Street Bridge, looking north.

Population & Diversity

Rochester, NY is home to a population of 1.09M people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.52% of Rochester, NY residents were born outside of the country (70.8k people).

In 2022, there were 7.13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (813k people) in Rochester, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 114k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 36k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.4%
2022 Citizenship
97.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.4% of Rochester, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Rochester, NY was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Rochester, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Rochester, NY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    813k ± 1.13k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    114k ± 1.51k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    36k ± 2.08k
8.06%
Hispanic Population
87.6k people

In 2022, there were 7.13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (813k people) in Rochester, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 114k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 36k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.06% of the people in Rochester, NY are hispanic (87.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Rochester, NY as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New York.
Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    505,872 ± 17,239 people
  2. China
    415,960 ± 15,668 people
  3. Jamaica
    230,433 ± 11,717 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 505,872 New York residents, followed by China with 415,960 and Jamaica with 230,433.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.52%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
70.8k people
6.88%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
74.9k people

As of 2022, 6.52% of Rochester, NY residents (70.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Rochester, NY was 6.88%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Rochester, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    17,687 ± 874
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    8,936 ± 701
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    5,943 ± 672

Rochester, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.98 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Rochester, NY employs 530k people. The largest industries in Rochester, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (89,331 people), Educational Services (73,632 people), and Manufacturing (60,531 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($86,652), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($71,163), and Public Administration ($67,673).

Males in New York have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $77,694. The income inequality in New York (measured using the Gini index) is 0.494, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

530k
2022 Value
± 5,484
−0.146%
1 Year decline
± 1.45%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Rochester, NY declined at a rate of −0.146%, from 531k employees to 530k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Rochester, NY, are Management Occupations (59,621 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (58,340 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (48,572 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Rochester, NY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

530k
2022 Value
± 5,484
−0.146%
1 Year decline
± 1.45%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Rochester, NY declined at a rate of −0.146%, from 531k employees to 530k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Rochester, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (89,331 people), Educational Services (73,632 people), and Manufacturing (60,531 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Rochester, NY, though some of these residents may live in Rochester, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$52,767
Median earning men ± $674
$40,018
Median earning women ± $524

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($76,753), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($70,370), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($68,240).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,676), Public Administration ($54,658), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($49,503).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Y-Axis
2.74%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.56M people employed in New York. This represents a 2.74% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 19.7%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 9,201
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 5,823
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 5,792
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New York went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 60.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (37.5%), followed by Other (0.813%).

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Rochester, NY awarded 18,412 degrees. The student population of Rochester, NY in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 30,269 male students and 35,100 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Rochester, NY are White (11,534 and 71.1%), followed by Black or African American (1,361 and 8.39%), Hispanic or Latino (1,163 and 7.17%), and Asian (1,040 and 6.41%).

The largest universities in Rochester, NY by number of degrees awarded are University of Rochester (4,141 and 22.5%), Rochester Institute of Technology (3,837 and 20.8%), and SUNY Brockport (2,302 and 12.5%).

The most popular majors in Rochester, NY are Registered Nursing (1,034 and 5.62%), General Business Administration & Management (858 and 4.66%), and Other Management Sciences & Quantitative Methods (675 and 3.67%).

The median tuition costs in Rochester, NY are $35,768 for private four year colleges, and $7,070 and $16,980 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Rochester, NY, the percentage of applicants admitted was 63.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.2%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 65,369 (46.3% men and 53.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 65,369 students enrolled in Rochester, NY, 46.3% men and 53.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 39,023 records, of which 54.6% were women and 45.4% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 503 degrees awarded
  2. 484 degrees awarded
  3. 840 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Rochester, NY was General Psychology with 503 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Rochester, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,141 degrees awarded
  2. 3,837 degrees awarded
  3. 2,302 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Rochester with 4,141 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 7,785 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Rochester, NY, which is 0.733 times less than the 10,627 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 11,534 degrees mean that there were 8.47 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,361 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($35,768) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, less-than 2-year ($2,635) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, less-than 2-year ($2,350) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Measure

In 2022, 1.7% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.75% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (4.04M), Bachelors Degree (3.33M), and Some college (2.79M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Rochester, NY was $175,300 in 2022, which is 0.622 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $155,500 to $175,300, a 12.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Rochester, NY is 67.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Rochester, NY have an average commute time of 21.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Rochester, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Rochester, NY is $71,349. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Rochester, NY was Nassau County, NY with a value of $137,709, followed by Suffolk County, NY and Putnam County, NY, with respective values of $122,498 and $120,970.

Property

$175,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$1,578
$302,337
Median Property Taxes
±$3,406

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rochester, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Rochester, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

67.4%
Homeownership
2022
61.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 67.4% of the housing units in Rochester, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Rochester, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Rochester, NY was Nassau County, NY with a value of $137,709, followed by Suffolk County, NY and Putnam County, NY, with respective values of $122,498 and $120,970.

The following map shows all of the counties in Rochester, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$71,349
Median Household Income
± $785
449k
Number of Households
± 5,137

In 2022, the median household income of the 449k households in Rochester, NY grew to $71,349 from the previous year's value of $65,812.

The following chart displays the households in Rochester, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Rochester, NY is from New York.
0.494
2022 Wage GINI in New York
0.493
2021 Wage GINI in New York

In 2022, the income inequality in New York was 0.494 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.125% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.6%)
  2. Worked At Home (10.9%)
  3. Carpooled (7.89%)

In 2022, 75.6% of workers in Rochester, NY drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (10.9%) and those who carpooled to work (7.89%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Rochester, NY have a shorter commute time (21.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.14% of the workforce in Rochester, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Rochester, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Rochester, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Rochester, NY have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

12.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Rochester, NY (133k out of 1.05M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Rochester, NY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.2% of the population of Rochester, NY has health coverage, with 49% on employee plans, 19.2% on Medicaid, 14% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 0.819% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New York see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1194 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1192 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 308 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
1,180 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New York

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1,194 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.1% under 18 years, 21.4% between 18 and 34 years, 38.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.2% were men and 51.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.82%
Uninsured
49%
Employer Coverage
19.2%
Medicaid
14%
Medicare
13.2%
Non-Group
0.819%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Rochester, NY grew by 1.15% from 3.78% to 3.82%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Rochester, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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