Richmond, VA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2020 Population
1.28M
0.988% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
38.9
0.258% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
10.4%
7.19% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$71,223
3.93% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$247,500
4.21% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
649,959
1.35% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Richmond, VA had a population of 1.28M people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $71,223. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Richmond, VA grew from 1.27M to 1.28M, a 0.988% increase and its median household income grew from $68,529 to $71,223, a 3.93% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Richmond, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (56.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (29%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.98%), White (Hispanic) (3.33%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.11%).

None of the households in Richmond, VA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.7% of the residents in Richmond, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Richmond, VA are Virginia Commonwealth University (7,550 degrees awarded in 2020), John Tyler Community College (1,749 degrees), and J Sargeant Reynolds Community College (1,333 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Richmond, VA was $247,500, and the homeownership rate was 66.6%. Most people in Richmond, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Richmond, VA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Skyline at Night, Richmond, VA

Diversity

Richmond, VA is home to a population of 1.28M people, from which 95.7% are citizens. As of 2020, 8% of Richmond, VA residents were born outside of the country (103k people).

In 2020, there were 1.96 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (729k people) in Richmond, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 372k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 51k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Richmond, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    729k ± 892
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    372k ± 1.91k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    51k ± 901
6.46%
Hispanic Population
82.8k people

In 2020, there were 1.96 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (729k people) in Richmond, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 372k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 51k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.46% of the people in Richmond, VA are hispanic (82.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Richmond, VA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
103k people
7.88%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
100k people

As of 2020, 8% of Richmond, VA residents (103k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Richmond, VA was 7.88%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Richmond, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

38
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
41
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.5

In 2020, the median age of all people in Richmond, VA was 38.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Richmond, VA are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Richmond, VA residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    109,267 ± 8,063 people
  2. India
    94,596 ± 7,509 people
  3. Mexico
    56,409 ± 5,812 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 109,267 Virginia residents, followed by India with 94,596 and Mexico with 56,409.

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Citizenship

95.7%
2020 Citizenship
95.8%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 95.7% of Richmond, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Richmond, VA was 95.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Richmond, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    25,106 ± 1,124
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    21,283 ± 1,408
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    15,939 ± 942

Richmond, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.18 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Richmond, VA is $71,223. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Richmond, VA was Loudoun County, VA with a value of $147,111, followed by Falls Church city, VA and Fairfax County, VA, with respective values of $146,922 and $127,866.

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $60,365. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Richmond, VA employs 650k people. The largest industries in Richmond, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (91,469 people), Retail Trade (71,868 people), and Educational Services (60,329 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($79,652), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,175), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,369).

Wages

Median Household Income

$71,223
2020 value
± $851
3.93%
1 Year Growth
± 1.62%

Households in Richmond, VA have a median annual income of $71,223, which is more than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $68,529 in 2019, which represents a 3.93% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Richmond, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
$80,381
Average Male Salary in Virginia
± $1,440
$60,365
Average Female Salary in Virginia
± $1,133

In 2020, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Virginia
  1. Asian
    $76,850 ± $3,561
  2. White
    $66,712 ± $1,098
  3. Two or More Races
    $54,027 ± $3,581

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Virginia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Richmond, VA is from Virginia.
0.478
2020 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.479
2019 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2020, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.181% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Richmond, VA was Loudoun County, VA with a value of $147,111, followed by Falls Church city, VA and Fairfax County, VA, with respective values of $146,922 and $127,866.

The following map shows all of the counties in Richmond, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Richmond, VA (130k out of 1.25M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    63,161 ± 2,178
  2. White
    51,355 ± 1,856
  3. Hispanic
    13,783 ± 991

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Richmond, VA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

650k
2020 Value
± 6,573
1.35%
1 Year growth
± 1.33%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Richmond, VA grew at a rate of 1.35%, from 641k employees to 650k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Richmond, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (76,899 people), Management Occupations (72,893 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (66,461 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Richmond, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Richmond, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (76,899 people), Management Occupations (72,893 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (66,461 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Richmond, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.29 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.27 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.24 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Richmond, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($91,250), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($85,056), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($79,965).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

650k
2020 Value
± 6,573
1.35%
1 Year growth
± 1.33%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Richmond, VA grew at a rate of 1.35%, from 641k employees to 650k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Richmond, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (91,469 people), Retail Trade (71,868 people), and Educational Services (60,329 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Richmond, VA, though some of these residents may live in Richmond, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Richmond, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (91,469 people), Retail Trade (71,868 people), and Educational Services (60,329 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Richmond, VA has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.61 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.45 times), and Utilities (1.37 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Richmond, VA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($79,652), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($76,175), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($68,369).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $37.3B
  2. $28.7B
  3. $25.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $37.3B, followed by Electronics ($28.7B) and Machinery ($25.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia.
$325B
2020 Value in Virginia
$612B
Projected 2050 Value in Virginia
88.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Virginia trade was $325B. This is expected to increase 88.1% to $612B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $25B
  2. $18.9B
  3. $13.2B

In 2020, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Carolina with $25B, followed by Maryland with $18.9B and Pennsylvania and $13.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Virginia went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (44%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.45%). The most partisan county was Petersburg County, VA with 87.7% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Virginia.
Joseph R Biden Jr.
Popular Vote for Virginia
54.1% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Virginia
  1. 87.7% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)
  2. 87.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 85.5% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in Virginia was Petersburg County, VA with 87.7% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Virginia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Richmond, VA awarded 14,637 degrees. The student population of Richmond, VA is skewed towards women, with 23,861 male students and 38,119 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Richmond, VA are White (7,204 and 51.1%), followed by Black or African American (3,485 and 24.7%), Asian (1,190 and 8.45%), and Hispanic or Latino (948 and 6.73%).

The largest universities in Richmond, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia Commonwealth University (7,550 and 51.6%), John Tyler Community College (1,749 and 11.9%), and J Sargeant Reynolds Community College (1,333 and 9.11%).

The most popular majors in Richmond, VA are Registered Nursing (730 and 4.99%), General Business Administration & Management (722 and 4.93%), and General Psychology (622 and 4.25%).

The median tuition costs in Richmond, VA are $27,245 for private four year colleges, and $8,860 and $24,685 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 422 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 588 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 534 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Richmond, VA was General Business with 422 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Richmond, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 7,550 degrees awarded
  2. 1,749 degrees awarded
  3. 1,333 degrees awarded
$8,860
Median In-State Public
$27,245
Median Private

In 2020, the Richmond, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia Commonwealth University with 7,550 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

5,721
Degrees Awarded to Men
8,916
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 5,721 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Richmond, VA, which is 0.642 times less than the 8,916 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 institutions in Richmond, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    7,204 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    3,485 degrees awarded
  3. Asian
    1,190 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Richmond, VA was White students. These 7,204 degrees mean that there were 2.07 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,485 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Richmond, VA was $247,500 in 2020, which is 1.08 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $237,500 to $247,500, a 4.21% increase. The homeownership rate in Richmond, VA is 66.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Richmond, VA have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Richmond, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$247,500
2020 Median
± $1,830
$237,500
2019 Median
± $1,408

In 2020, the median property value in Richmond, VA grew to to $247,500 from the previous year's value of $237,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Richmond, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Richmond, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$71,223
Median Household Income
± $851
488k
Number of Households
± 5,571

In 2020, the median household income of the 488k households in Richmond, VA grew to $71,223 from the previous year's value of $68,529.

The following chart displays the households in Richmond, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Richmond, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Richmond, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.6%
2020 Homeownership
65.6%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 66.6% of the housing units in Richmond, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Richmond, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Richmond, VA have a shorter commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.18% of the workforce in Richmond, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Richmond, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (78.8%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.35%)
  3. Carpooled (8.18%)

In 2020, 78.8% of workers in Richmond, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.35%) and those who carpooled to work (8.18%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Richmond, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Richmond, VA have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

92.1% of the population of Richmond, VA has health coverage, with 53.2% on employee plans, 11.4% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 2.41% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Virginia was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Virginia see 1325 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.455% increase from the previous year (1319 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1409 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 531 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes (22.5%). Additionally, King and Queen County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (48.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
1,325 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Virginia

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,325 patients per year. This represents a 0.455% increase from the previous year (1,319 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
$7,556
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Virginia
$4,218
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,361
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,677
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.86%
Uninsured
53.2%
Employer Coverage
11.4%
Medicaid
11.8%
Medicare
13.3%
Non-Group
2.41%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Richmond, VA declined by 4.35% from 8.22% to 7.86%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Richmond, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 22.5% prevalence
  2. 22.5% prevalence
  3. 20.3% prevalence

Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 22.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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