Mobile County, AL

County

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2020 Population
413,977
0.0331% 1-year decline
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
38.1
0.528% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
17.9%
4.86% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$49,625
4.29% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$138,400
6.3% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
175,496
0.56% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Mobile County, AL had a population of 414k people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $49,625. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Mobile County, AL declined from 414,114 to 413,977, a −0.0331% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,583 to $49,625, a 4.29% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Mobile County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (56.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (35.9%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.85%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.84%), and White (Hispanic) (1.49%).

None of the households in Mobile County, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.6% of the residents in Mobile County, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mobile County, AL are University of South Alabama (3,764 degrees awarded in 2020), Bishop State Community College (718 degrees), and Spring Hill College (350 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Mobile County, AL was $138,400, and the homeownership rate was 64.1%.

Most people in Mobile County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Mobile County, AL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: RSA Battlehouse Building, Mobile, AL

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Mobile County, AL is home to a population of 414k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2020, 3.12% of Mobile County, AL residents were born outside of the country (12.9k people).

In 2020, there were 1.58 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (234k people) in Mobile County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 148k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.67k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.6%
2020 Citizenship
98.6%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 98.6% of Mobile County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Mobile County, AL was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mobile County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Mobile County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    234k ± 477
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    148k ± 592
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    7.67k ± 518
2.9%
Hispanic Population
12k people

In 2020, there were 1.58 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (234k people) in Mobile County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 148k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 7.67k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.9% of the people in Mobile County, AL are hispanic (12k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Mobile County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    47,080 ± 5,301 people
  2. Guatemala
    12,910 ± 2,786 people
  3. India
    10,249 ± 2,483 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 47,080 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 12,910 and India with 10,249.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.12%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
12.9k people
3.13%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
12.9k people

As of 2020, 3.12% of Mobile County, AL residents (12.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mobile County, AL was 3.13%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mobile County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    10,618 ± 729
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    5,259 ± 614
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,977 ± 446

Mobile County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Mobile County, AL employs 175k people. The largest industries in Mobile County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,129 people), Manufacturing (21,614 people), and Retail Trade (20,035 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,718), Utilities ($60,761), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($56,823).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,111. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

175k
2020 Value
± 3,621
0.56%
1 Year growth
± 2.71%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Mobile County, AL grew at a rate of 0.56%, from 175k employees to 175k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mobile County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,424 people), Sales & Related Occupations (19,225 people), and Management Occupations (15,715 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mobile County, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

175k
2020 Value
± 3,621
0.56%
1 Year growth
± 2.71%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Mobile County, AL grew at a rate of 0.56%, from 175k employees to 175k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mobile County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,129 people), Manufacturing (21,614 people), and Retail Trade (20,035 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mobile County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Mobile County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$43,439
Median earning men ± $1,461
$27,868
Median earning women ± $1,045

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Information ($62,652), Manufacturing ($58,182), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($53,963).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($39,675), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($37,919), and Construction ($36,768).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,794
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 2,697
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,884
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $4.42M
    Manufacturing
  2. $3M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $1.54M
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $22.9B
  3. $20.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($22.9B) and Base metals ($20.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$282B
2020 Value in Alabama
$539B
Projected 2050 Value in Alabama
91.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 91.3% to $539B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.7B
  2. $21.3B
  3. $14.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.7B, followed by Florida with $21.3B and Tennessee and $14.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Mobile County, AL went to Donald J. Trump with 55.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (43.4%), followed by Other (1.34%).

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Until 1994, Richard Shelby won election to the Senate as a member of the Democratic Party.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Mobile County, AL awarded 5,651 degrees. The student population of Mobile County, AL in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 6,652 male students and 13,694 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mobile County, AL are White (3,229 and 58.7%), followed by Black or African American (1,557 and 28.3%), Unknown (205 and 3.73%), and Asian (168 and 3.05%).

The largest universities in Mobile County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of South Alabama (3,764 and 66.6%), Bishop State Community College (718 and 12.7%), and Spring Hill College (350 and 6.19%).

The most popular majors in Mobile County, AL are Registered Nursing (1,310 and 23.2%), General Business Administration & Management (215 and 3.8%), and Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (187 and 3.31%).

The median tuition costs in Mobile County, AL are $22,700 for private four year colleges, and $7,896 and $15,792 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Mobile County, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 68%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 23.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 20,346 (32.7% men and 67.3% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 20,346 students enrolled in Mobile County, AL, 32.7% men and 67.3% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 11,674 records, of which 66.2% were women and 33.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 396 degree-majors awarded
  2. 171 degree-majors awarded
  3. 161 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mobile County, AL was Registered Nursing with 396 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mobile County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,764 degrees awarded
  2. 718 degrees awarded
  3. 350 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Alabama with 3,764 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 1,898 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mobile County, AL, which is 0.506 times less than the 3,753 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 3,229 degrees mean that there were 2.07 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,557 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($22,700) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($2,099) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,650) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2020, 0.875% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.825% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (1.18M), Some college (900k), and Secondary Education (638k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Mobile County, AL was $138,400 in 2020, which is 0.602 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $130,200 to $138,400, a 6.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Mobile County, AL is 64.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Mobile County, AL have an average commute time of 25.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Mobile County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Mobile County, AL is $49,625. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Mobile County, AL was Census Tract 35.02 with a value of $103,182, followed by Census Tract 25.01 and Census Tract 33.02, with respective values of $99,100 and $82,696.

In 2021, 15.9% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Mobile County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1.15%.

Property

$138,400
Median Property Value 2020
±$2,156
$100,955
Median Property Taxes
±$2,577

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mobile County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Mobile County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64.1%
Homeownership
2020
69%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 64.1% of the housing units in Mobile County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Mobile County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 35.02
  2. Census Tract 25.01
  3. Census Tract 33.02

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mobile County, AL was Census Tract 35.02 with a value of $103,182, followed by Census Tract 25.01 and Census Tract 33.02, with respective values of $99,100 and $82,696.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mobile County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$49,625
Median Household Income
± $1,232
158k
Number of Households
± 3,323

In 2020, the median household income of the 158k households in Mobile County, AL grew to $49,625 from the previous year's value of $47,583.

The following chart displays the households in Mobile County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mobile County, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2020 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2020, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.32% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (85.7%)
  2. Carpooled (6.92%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.9%)

In 2020, 85.7% of workers in Mobile County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.92%) and those who worked at home (4.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mobile County, AL have a shorter commute time (25.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.91% of the workforce in Mobile County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mobile County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mobile County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mobile County, AL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 15.9% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Mobile County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1.15%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mobile County, AL (72.7k out of 407k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mobile County, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 26.4% of the children was living in poverty in Mobile County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 4.5%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 548 in Mobile County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 106 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

88.8% of the population of Mobile County, AL has health coverage, with 42.9% on employee plans, 19.4% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.9% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Mobile County, AL see 1510 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.41% increase from the previous year (1489 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1913 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 998 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.5% were men and 53.5% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,510 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mobile County, AL

Primary care physicians in Mobile County, AL see an average of 1,510 patients per year. This represents a 1.41% increase from the previous year (1,489 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mobile County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.1% under 18 years, 21.5% between 18 and 34 years, 37.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.5% were men and 53.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.2%
Uninsured
42.9%
Employer Coverage
19.4%
Medicaid
12.6%
Medicare
11.9%
Non-Group
1.9%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mobile County, AL declined by 0.336% from 11.2% to 11.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mobile County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 72.2 in Mobile County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Mobile County, AL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 37.8% in Mobile County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Mobile County, AL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 13.1% in Mobile County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Mobile County, AL.

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