Houghton County, MI

County

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2022 Population
37,414
0.189% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
31.9
2.74% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
17.3%
0.57% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$52,736
8.46% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$129,200
12.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
16,793
2.05% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Houghton County, MI had a population of 37.4k people with a median age of 31.9 and a median household income of $52,736. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Houghton County, MI declined from 37,485 to 37,414, a −0.189% decrease and its median household income grew from $48,623 to $52,736, a 8.46% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Houghton County, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (91.1%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.92%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.11%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.863%).

None of the households in Houghton County, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.8% of the residents in Houghton County, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Houghton County, MI are Michigan Technological University (1,754 degrees awarded in 2022) and Finlandia University (85 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Houghton County, MI was $129,200, and the homeownership rate was 69%.

Most people in Houghton County, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 15.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Houghton County, MI was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Houghton County, MI is home to a population of 37.4k people, from which 95.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.75% of Houghton County, MI residents were born outside of the country (2.15k people).

In 2022, there were 32.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (34.1k people) in Houghton County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.05k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 720 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.8%
2022 Citizenship
96.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95.8% of Houghton County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Houghton County, MI was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Houghton County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Houghton County, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    34.1k ± 327
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    1.05k ± 91
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    720 ± 160
1.79%
Hispanic Population
670 people

In 2022, there were 32.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (34.1k people) in Houghton County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.05k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 720 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.79% of the people in Houghton County, MI are hispanic (670 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Houghton County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    79,402 ± 6,891 people
  2. India
    76,527 ± 6,766 people
  3. Iraq
    57,451 ± 5,868 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 79,402 Michigan residents, followed by India with 76,527 and Iraq with 57,451.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.75%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.15k people
5.06%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.9k people

As of 2022, 5.75% of Houghton County, MI residents (2.15k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Houghton County, MI was 5.06%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Houghton County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    750 ± 105
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    339 ± 151
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    332 ± 98

Houghton County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Houghton County, MI employs 16.8k people. The largest industries in Houghton County, MI are Educational Services (3,773 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,246 people), and Retail Trade (2,100 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,625), Public Administration ($56,058), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,125).

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,244. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

16.8k
2022 Value
± 785
2.05%
1 Year growth
± 6.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houghton County, MI grew at a rate of 2.05%, from 16.5k employees to 16.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Houghton County, MI, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,015 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,801 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,529 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Houghton County, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

16.8k
2022 Value
± 785
2.05%
1 Year growth
± 6.4%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Houghton County, MI grew at a rate of 2.05%, from 16.5k employees to 16.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Houghton County, MI, are Educational Services (3,773 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,246 people), and Retail Trade (2,100 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Houghton County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Houghton County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$34,683
Median earning men ± $2,938
$25,201
Median earning women ± $2,026

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($64,219), Public Administration ($58,125), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($56,650).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($60,313), Public Administration ($53,750), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($35,868).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
2.16%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.37M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.16% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 23.6%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 345
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 198
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 180
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Houghton County, MI went to Donald J. Trump with 56.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (41.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.54%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Houghton County, MI awarded 1,839 degrees. The student population of Houghton County, MI in 2022 is skewed towards men, with 5,187 male students and 2,326 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Houghton County, MI are White (1,440 and 88.9%), followed by Unknown (52 and 3.21%), Two or More Races (51 and 3.15%), and Asian (29 and 1.79%).

The largest universities in Houghton County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Michigan Technological University (1,754 and 95.4%) and Finlandia University (85 and 4.62%).

The most popular majors in Houghton County, MI are Mechanical Engineering (378 and 20.6%), Electrical & Electronics Engineering (118 and 6.42%), and General Civil Engineering (99 and 5.38%).

The median tuition costs in Houghton County, MI are $25,436 for private four year colleges, and $18,592 and $40,929 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Houghton County, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 89.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 7,513 (69% men and 31% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 7,513 students enrolled in Houghton County, MI, 69% men and 31% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 5,637 records, of which 31% were women and 69% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 266 degrees awarded
  2. 102 degrees awarded
  3. 88 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Houghton County, MI was Mechanical Engineering with 266 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Houghton County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,754 degrees awarded
  2. 85 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Michigan Technological University with 1,754 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,256 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Houghton County, MI, which is 2.15 times more than the 583 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,440 degrees mean that there were 27.7 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 52 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($25,436) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($600) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Measure

In 2022, 0.784% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.801% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (2.31M), Some college (1.92M), and Bachelors Degree (1.42M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Houghton County, MI was $129,200 in 2022, which is 0.458 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $115,300 to $129,200, a 12.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Houghton County, MI is 69%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Houghton County, MI have an average commute time of 15.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Houghton County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Houghton County, MI is $52,736. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Houghton County, MI was Census Tract 7 with a value of $71,125, followed by Census Tract 5 and Census Tract 10, with respective values of $69,148 and $66,750.

In 2022, 16.9% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Houghton County, MI. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.96%.

Property

$129,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$8,918
$9,778
Median Property Taxes
±$445

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Houghton County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Houghton County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

69%
Homeownership
2022
62.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 69% of the housing units in Houghton County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Houghton County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 7
  2. Census Tract 5
  3. Census Tract 10

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Houghton County, MI was Census Tract 7 with a value of $71,125, followed by Census Tract 5 and Census Tract 10, with respective values of $69,148 and $66,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Houghton County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,736
Median Household Income
± $2,563
14.2k
Number of Households
± 659

In 2022, the median household income of the 14.2k households in Houghton County, MI grew to $52,736 from the previous year's value of $48,623.

The following chart displays the households in Houghton County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Houghton County, MI is from Michigan.
0.466
2022 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.468
2021 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2022, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.473% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (65.3%)
  2. Walked (10.7%)
  3. Carpooled (10.1%)

In 2022, 65.3% of workers in Houghton County, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who walked to work (10.7%) and those who carpooled to work (10.1%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

15.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Houghton County, MI have a shorter commute time (15.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.71% of the workforce in Houghton County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Houghton County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Houghton County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Houghton County, MI have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 16.9% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Houghton County, MI. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.96%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Houghton County, MI (5.84k out of 33.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Houghton County, MI is White, followed by Two Or More and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 13.6% of the children was living in poverty in Houghton County, MI. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 7.5%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 156 in Houghton County, MI. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 60.8 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

93.7% of the population of Houghton County, MI has health coverage, with 46.3% on employee plans, 17.4% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 16.5% on non-group plans, and 1.86% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Houghton County, MI see 1427 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.43% decrease from the previous year (1509 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1527 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 509 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 54% were men and 46% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,427 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Houghton County, MI

Primary care physicians in Houghton County, MI see an average of 1,427 patients per year. This represents a 5.43% decrease from the previous year (1,509 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Houghton County, MI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.8% under 18 years, 30.7% between 18 and 34 years, 29.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 54% were men and 46% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

6.27%
Uninsured
46.3%
Employer Coverage
17.4%
Medicaid
11.7%
Medicare
16.5%
Non-Group
1.86%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Houghton County, MI declined by 17.6% from 7.6% to 6.27%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Houghton County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 44.9 in Houghton County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Houghton County, MI.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.1% in Houghton County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Houghton County, MI.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.38% in Houghton County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Houghton County, MI.

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