Clay County, MN

County

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2022 Population
65,307
0.511% 1-year growth
US Senator
Amy Klobuchar
Democratic (DFL) Party
US Senator
Tina Smith
Democratic (DFL) Party
2022 Median Age
32.8
0.304% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
14.7%
4.96% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$75,006
10.3% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$241,400
12.2% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
34,404
0.877% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Clay County, MN had a population of 65.3k people with a median age of 32.8 and a median household income of $75,006. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Clay County, MN grew from 64,975 to 65,307, a 0.511% increase and its median household income grew from $67,984 to $75,006, a 10.3% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, MN are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.32%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3%), White (Hispanic) (2.56%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.64%).

None of the households in Clay County, MN reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.4% of the residents in Clay County, MN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Clay County, MN are Minnesota State University Moorhead (1,487 degrees awarded in 2022) and Concordia College at Moorhead (469 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Clay County, MN was $241,400, and the homeownership rate was 66.1%.

Most people in Clay County, MN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, MN was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Clay County, MN is home to a population of 65.3k people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.89% of Clay County, MN residents were born outside of the country (3.2k people).

In 2022, there were 19.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (55.4k people) in Clay County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.82k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.96k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.4%
2022 Citizenship
97.6%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.4% of Clay County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, MN was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, MN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    55.4k ± 153
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    2.82k ± 368
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.96k ± 501
4.86%
Hispanic Population
3.18k people

In 2022, there were 19.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (55.4k people) in Clay County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.82k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.96k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.86% of the people in Clay County, MN are hispanic (3.18k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Clay County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    53,321 ± 5,642 people
  2. Somalia
    38,263 ± 4,786 people
  3. India
    30,262 ± 4,259 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 53,321 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 38,263 and India with 30,262.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.89%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.2k people
4.76%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.1k people

As of 2022, 4.89% of Clay County, MN residents (3.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, MN was 4.76%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    803 ± 135
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    743 ± 206
  3. Korea
    232 ± 85

Clay County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Clay County, MN employs 34.4k people. The largest industries in Clay County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,132 people), Educational Services (4,536 people), and Retail Trade (3,428 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($98,750), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,000), and Wholesale Trade ($66,098).

Males in Minnesota have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $68,089. The income inequality in Minnesota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

34.4k
2022 Value
± 1,225
0.877%
1 Year growth
± 5.07%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Clay County, MN grew at a rate of 0.877%, from 34.1k employees to 34.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,284 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,962 people), and Management Occupations (2,941 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, MN.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Minnesota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

34.4k
2022 Value
± 1,225
0.877%
1 Year growth
± 5.07%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Clay County, MN grew at a rate of 0.877%, from 34.1k employees to 34.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,132 people), Educational Services (4,536 people), and Retail Trade (3,428 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$53,485
Median earning men ± $2,045
$37,114
Median earning women ± $2,032

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($76,141), Wholesale Trade ($71,125), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($66,732).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($63,750), Public Administration ($52,500), and Wholesale Trade ($46,151).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Y-Axis
2.26%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.93M people employed in Minnesota. This represents a 2.26% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Minnesota.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 416
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 306
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 264
    Other Services, Except Public Administration

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Clay County, MN went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.7% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (46.7%), followed by Other (1.33%).

Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith are the senators currently representing the state of Minnesota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Minnesota is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Minnesota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Amy Klobuchar
Senator from Minnesota1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
The Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the Democratic Party (United States)|U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
Tina Smith
Senator from Minnesota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Al Franken.

Amy Klobuchar and Tina Smith are the senators currently representing Minnesota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Minnesota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Minnesota

Minnesota is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Minnesota have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Clay County, MN awarded 1,956 degrees. The student population of Clay County, MN in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,527 male students and 4,058 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Clay County, MN are White (1,663 and 88.3%), followed by Black or African American (70 and 3.72%), Two or More Races (43 and 2.28%), and Hispanic or Latino (41 and 2.18%).

The largest universities in Clay County, MN by number of degrees awarded are Minnesota State University Moorhead (1,487 and 76%) and Concordia College at Moorhead (469 and 24%).

The most popular majors in Clay County, MN are General Business Administration & Management (148 and 7.57%), Registered Nursing (137 and 7%), and General Educational Leadership & Administration (106 and 5.42%).

The median tuition costs in Clay County, MN are $28,400 for private four year colleges, and $8,838 and $17,674 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Clay County, MN, the percentage of applicants admitted was 61%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 23%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 6,585 (38.4% men and 61.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 6,585 students enrolled in Clay County, MN, 38.4% men and 61.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 5,224 records, of which 62.8% were women and 37.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 128 degrees awarded
  2. 123 degrees awarded
  3. 86 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Clay County, MN was General Business Administration & Management with 128 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Clay County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,487 degrees awarded
  2. 469 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Minnesota State University Moorhead with 1,487 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 668 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Clay County, MN, which is 0.519 times less than the 1,288 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,663 degrees mean that there were 23.8 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 70 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($28,400) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,398) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Measure

In 2022, 0.877% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.991% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.07M), Bachelors Degree (1.04M), and Some college (962k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, MN was $241,400 in 2022, which is 0.856 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $215,100 to $241,400, a 12.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, MN is 66.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Clay County, MN have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Clay County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Clay County, MN is $75,006. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Clay County, MN was Census Tract 301.06 with a value of $96,538, followed by Census Tract 301.07 and Census Tract 205, with respective values of $96,154 and $92,500.

In 2022, 13.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Clay County, MN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.233%.

Property

$241,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,434
$16,854
Median Property Taxes
±$715

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Clay County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

66.1%
Homeownership
2022
64.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 66.1% of the housing units in Clay County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Clay County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 301.06
  2. Census Tract 301.07
  3. Census Tract 205

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, MN was Census Tract 301.06 with a value of $96,538, followed by Census Tract 301.07 and Census Tract 205, with respective values of $96,154 and $92,500.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$75,006
Median Household Income
± $3,165
25.5k
Number of Households
± 1,062

In 2022, the median household income of the 25.5k households in Clay County, MN grew to $75,006 from the previous year's value of $67,984.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, MN is from Minnesota.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Minnesota
0.459
2021 Wage GINI in Minnesota

In 2022, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.267% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (76.7%)
  2. Worked At Home (9.61%)
  3. Carpooled (8.56%)

In 2022, 76.7% of workers in Clay County, MN drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (9.61%) and those who carpooled to work (8.56%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, MN have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.74% of the workforce in Clay County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, MN have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 13.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Clay County, MN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.233%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

14.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, MN (9.17k out of 62.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, MN is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 8.7% of the children was living in poverty in Clay County, MN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 4.7%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 135 in Clay County, MN. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 34.2 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

96.2% of the population of Clay County, MN has health coverage, with 55.9% on employee plans, 15.7% on Medicaid, 10.1% on Medicare, 13.2% on non-group plans, and 1.34% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Clay County, MN see 4014 patients per year on average, which represents a 12.1% decrease from the previous year (4568 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1903 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 381 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.3% were men and 50.7% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,014 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Clay County, MN

Primary care physicians in Clay County, MN see an average of 4,014 patients per year. This represents a 12.1% decrease from the previous year (4,568 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, MN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.9% under 18 years, 26% between 18 and 34 years, 34.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.3% were men and 50.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.8%
Uninsured
55.9%
Employer Coverage
15.7%
Medicaid
10.1%
Medicare
13.2%
Non-Group
1.34%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, MN declined by 11.2% from 4.28% to 3.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 45.8 in Clay County, MN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Clay County, MN.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.8% in Clay County, MN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Clay County, MN.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 5.15% in Clay County, MN.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Clay County, MN.

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