Abilene, TX

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
176,656
0.807% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
34.3
0.292% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
14.1%
4.87% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$61,924
7.96% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$158,300
18.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
78,778
0.476% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Abilene, TX had a population of 177k people with a median age of 34.3 and a median household income of $61,924. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Abilene, TX grew from 175,241 to 176,656, a 0.807% increase and its median household income grew from $57,356 to $61,924, a 7.96% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Abilene, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (62.6%), White (Hispanic) (10.1%), Two+ (Hispanic) (8.31%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.44%), and Other (Hispanic) (5.68%).

None of the households in Abilene, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.2% of the residents in Abilene, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Abilene, TX are Abilene Christian University (1,202 degrees awarded in 2022), Hardin-Simmons University (533 degrees), and McMurry University (217 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Abilene, TX was $158,300, and the homeownership rate was 62.7%.

Most people in Abilene, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Abilene, TX was 2 cars per household.

Abilene, TX borders Brownwood, TX and Sweetwater, TX.

Population & Diversity

Abilene, TX is home to a population of 177k people, from which 96.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 6.37% of Abilene, TX residents were born outside of the country (11.3k people).

In 2022, there were 6.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (111k people) in Abilene, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 17.8k White (Hispanic) and 14.7k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.2%
2022 Citizenship
96.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.2% of Abilene, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Abilene, TX was 96.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Abilene, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Abilene, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    111k ± 543
  2. White (Hispanic)
    17.8k ± 1.55k
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    14.7k ± 1.69k
24.7%
Hispanic Population
43.6k people

In 2022, there were 6.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (111k people) in Abilene, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 17.8k White (Hispanic) and 14.7k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

24.7% of the people in Abilene, TX are hispanic (43.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Abilene, TX as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,430,315 ± 36,649 people
  2. India
    305,649 ± 13,502 people
  3. El Salvador
    224,600 ± 11,591 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,430,315 Texas residents, followed by India with 305,649 and El Salvador with 224,600.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.37%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
11.3k people
6%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
10.5k people

As of 2022, 6.37% of Abilene, TX residents (11.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Abilene, TX was 6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Abilene, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,455 ± 683
  2. Vietnam
    3,354 ± 359
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,732 ± 294

Abilene, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Abilene, TX employs 78.8k people. The largest industries in Abilene, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,532 people), Retail Trade (10,075 people), and Educational Services (9,264 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,639), Utilities ($65,863), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($53,310).

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,213. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

78.8k
2022 Value
± 2,391
0.476%
1 Year growth
± 4.24%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Abilene, TX grew at a rate of 0.476%, from 78.4k employees to 78.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Abilene, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,167 people), Sales & Related Occupations (7,898 people), and Management Occupations (7,010 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Abilene, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

78.8k
2022 Value
± 2,391
0.476%
1 Year growth
± 4.24%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Abilene, TX grew at a rate of 0.476%, from 78.4k employees to 78.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Abilene, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,532 people), Retail Trade (10,075 people), and Educational Services (9,264 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Abilene, TX, though some of these residents may live in Abilene, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$42,228
Median earning men ± $1,894
$31,191
Median earning women ± $1,647

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($58,451), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($56,705), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,715).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($55,227), Information ($52,917), and Public Administration ($41,720).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,570
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,127
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 769
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Abilene, TX awarded 2,062 degrees. The student population of Abilene, TX in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 3,202 male students and 4,985 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Abilene, TX are White (1,238 and 62.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (390 and 19.6%), Black or African American (206 and 10.3%), and Two or More Races (78 and 3.91%).

The largest universities in Abilene, TX by number of degrees awarded are Abilene Christian University (1,202 and 58.3%), Hardin-Simmons University (533 and 25.8%), and McMurry University (217 and 10.5%).

The most popular majors in Abilene, TX are General Business Administration & Management (166 and 8.05%), Kinesiology & Exercise Science (90 and 4.36%), and General Psychology (82 and 3.98%).

The median tuition cost in Abilene, TX for private four year colleges is $30,694.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Abilene, TX, the percentage of applicants admitted was 67.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 14.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 8,187 (39.1% men and 60.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 8,187 students enrolled in Abilene, TX, 39.1% men and 60.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,438 records, of which 61.9% were women and 38.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 92 degrees awarded
  2. 90 degrees awarded
  3. 82 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Abilene, TX was General Business Administration & Management with 92 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Abilene, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,202 degrees awarded
  2. 533 degrees awarded
  3. 217 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Abilene Christian University with 1,202 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 751 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Abilene, TX, which is 0.573 times less than the 1,311 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,238 degrees mean that there were 3.17 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 390 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($30,694) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($240) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2022, 1.59% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.53% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (5.7M), Some college (4.97M), and Bachelors Degree (4.2M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Abilene, TX was $158,300 in 2022, which is 0.562 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $134,000 to $158,300, a 18.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Abilene, TX is 62.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Abilene, TX have an average commute time of 18.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Abilene, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Abilene, TX is $61,924. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Abilene, TX was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $121,303, followed by Collin County, TX and Glasscock County, TX, with respective values of $113,255 and $112,188.

Property

$158,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,070
$40,831
Median Property Taxes
±$1,478

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Abilene, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Abilene, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

62.7%
Homeownership
2022
66%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 62.7% of the housing units in Abilene, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Abilene, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Abilene, TX was Rockwall County, TX with a value of $121,303, followed by Collin County, TX and Glasscock County, TX, with respective values of $113,255 and $112,188.

The following map shows all of the counties in Abilene, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$61,924
Median Household Income
± $2,110
65.1k
Number of Households
± 1,995

In 2022, the median household income of the 65.1k households in Abilene, TX grew to $61,924 from the previous year's value of $57,356.

The following chart displays the households in Abilene, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Abilene, TX is from Texas.
0.476
2022 Wage GINI in Texas
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2022, the income inequality in Texas was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0231% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.4%)
  2. Carpooled (11.1%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.03%)

In 2022, 78.4% of workers in Abilene, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.1%) and those who worked at home (7.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Abilene, TX have a shorter commute time (18.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.91% of the workforce in Abilene, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Abilene, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Abilene, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Abilene, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

14.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Abilene, TX (23.1k out of 164k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Abilene, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

84% of the population of Abilene, TX has health coverage, with 40.7% on employee plans, 14.3% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 5.61% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Texas see 1629 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1642 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 759 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
1,629 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Texas

Primary care physicians in Texas see an average of 1,629 patients per year. This represents a 0.792% decrease from the previous year (1,642 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Texas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27% under 18 years, 23.9% between 18 and 34 years, 33.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.2% were men and 52.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

16%
Uninsured
40.7%
Employer Coverage
14.3%
Medicaid
10.9%
Medicare
12.5%
Non-Group
5.61%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Abilene, TX grew by 5.95% from 15.1% to 16%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Abilene, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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